What Is It?
Beginning with Moffett, Wagner, Elbow and others formal work in the 1960s, Student Peer Review has evolved to be broadly defined as any structured assignment that requires students to apply provided criteria and standards to classmates’ work/performance and offer constructive and meaningful feedback.
Why do It?
- 7 BEST SUCCESS PRACTICES: Communicate High Expectations & Encourage Student –Student Relationships
- Increases awareness/ understanding, dialog/ engagement with assessment criteria/ standards
- Build 21st century workplace skills of internalizing quality Standards/ constructively evaluating peers
- Multiplies amount of feedback on quality of work/performance for each student
- Can increase motivation knowing work/ performance will be evaluated by peers
- Promotes an ongoing cycle of self & group reflection around assessment
“Getting students involved in reacting to each other’s work synergistically develops their ability to self-assess… Their ability to give (constructive) criticism helps them learn how to take it. They see the value of an outside perspective.”
Maryellen Weimer, Learner-Centered Teaching, pg 132
“…consider how students in studios start to pick up skills from each other… they witness the wide variety of ways to approach a design problem in the first place and how they start to appreciate and learn from the struggles, the missteps, and the successes of their peers, as well as how they start to learn the social and intellectual practices that enable them as an ensemble to become a reflective practicum. Indeed, they are starting to be enculturated into the practice of being a (professional). “
– John Seely Brown, “New Learning Environments for the 21st Century”
How to Avoid Common Pitfalls?
- Offer supports/ guidelines & models for what constructive and professional feedback IS & IS NOT
- Emphasize use of –specifics- documenting conclusions with evidence
- DETAILED directions stating the focus/ purpose/scope and expectations of the peer review
- Don’t leave teachable moments “on the table” – followup each round of peer review with individual self-reflections/ takeaways of what/ how students will improve performance/ work moving forward
How to Do It?
- Canvas “Peer Review” tool on any assignment or Discussion:
(can automatically assign peer reviews, creates ‘TO DO’& Calendar item on follow-up peer review deadline)
- Distribute/ give access to peers work/projects 1 class period before peer review & devote class period to group peer critique discussion
Further Info/ resources?
#NCSCStuPeerReview – www.tinyurl.com/stupeereview